During which EU international locations are you extra prone to die by your individual palms or these of one other? After analysing each murder and suicide charges, we found that Lithuania is Europe’s most harmful nation.
Primarily based on a comparability of homicide and suicide charges throughout the EU, it’s clear that individuals in Lithuania are probably the most in danger from others or themselves. Hungary comes third, whereas individuals in Southern Europeans are most secure. 61,000 individuals died within the EU attributable to homicide or suicide throughout the interval we investigated, which accounts for 1.three p.c of annual deaths within the bloc.For many years, the variety of individuals dying violent deaths has been steadily reducing throughout the European Union.
The final dataset accessible on all EU member states is from 2016, through which police authorities reported 5200 murders. This represents a fall of three.three p.c from the earlier 12 months. On the identical time, terrorist assaults had a transparent affect in 2016. In France, Germany and Nice Britain, the quantity of people that died violent deaths elevated.Because of variations in measurement and inhabitants between member states, absolute numbers usually are not significantly helpful, so we analysed the homicide price per 100,000 inhabitants. With this methodology, we discovered that probably the most homicides occurred within the three Baltic states: Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia.
Alternatively, issues look lots higher in 13 member states, the place lower than one homicide was recorded per 100,000 inhabitants. For comparative functions: in america, there have been 5.5 homicides per 100,000 individuals in 2016, in comparison with 10.eight in Russia. Obtainable information additionally reveals that the variety of tried murders between 2008 and 2016 remained pretty steady.
Let’s study the information in additional element. Numerically, the most individuals – 747 – have been murdered in Germany, and the fewest – 5 every – have been killed in Malta and Luxembourg. 82 million individuals stay in Germany, whereas 465,000 stay in Malta, and 600,000 in Luxembourg: evidently, such comparisons don’t inform an correct story. Once we take a look at murders per 100,000 inhabitants, Germans and the Luxembourgers are a lot closes: 16th and 17th on the EU record.
The recording of homicides is comparatively constant, and its definition doesn’t differ from nation to nation in the identical method as different crime classes. The figures offered right here replicate precise homicides. On this foundation, we are able to say that probably the most homicides are dedicated within the Baltic States.Latvia comes high of the record, with 5.64 circumstances per hundred thousand inhabitants. The determine for Lithuania is simply just a little decrease (4.92). Estonia, in the meantime, has a considerably decrease price (2.51), however this determine continues to be excessive in comparison with the remainder of the EU. The Baltic international locations are adopted by two medium-sized EU member states: Belgium and Hungary.
Within the case of Belgium, solely information from 2015 is obtainable on the European Statistical Workplace (Eurostat). That is necessary, on condition that 32 individuals have been killed in Zaventem airport and the Brussels metro throughout a terrorist assault in 2016. Nonetheless, Belgium’s information is consistent with the nation’s earlier information and reveals a downward development.
For Hungary, the information tends to fluctuate: till 2015, the variety of homicides had been reducing, however then instantly it jumped and has remained at this increased price ever since. That is fully out of line with the final development in Europe.After fifth-place Hungary, there’s a vital drop within the homicide charges within the subsequent batch of nations. Ten international locations observe Hungary with comparatively comparable murder figures: between 1.05 and 1.42 murders per 100,000 inhabitants.
As talked about earlier, in 13 EU international locations there may be lower than one sufferer per 100,000 inhabitants. Persons are most secure in Slovenia (0.48), however there isn’t a lot separating it from the previous seven international locations (Austria, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Poland).We additionally seemed on the suicide charges, to see if there are any parallels. The most recent full dataset is for 2015. Right here, we additionally checked out Eurostat information and labored on the idea of the variety of suicides per 100,000 inhabitants. As with homicides, this can be a good benchmark for evaluating all member states.
Of the 4.9 million deaths within the European Union in 2015, 56,000 (1.2 p.c) have been intentional suicides. Eight out of ten circumstances (77 p.c) have been males, and virtually half of all circumstances (48 p.c) have been aged between 40 and 65 years.Much like the murder figures, two Baltic states seem within the high three: Lithuania comes first (30.28 circumstances/100 thousand inhabitants), Slovenia second (20.72), and Latvia third (19.34).
Hungary ranks fourth (19.03). It’s Attention-grabbing to notice that Slovenia has the second highest variety of suicides, whereas additionally having the bottom variety of murders.In relative phrases, lots of people finish their very own lives in Estonia and Belgium, whereas the murder charges in these two EU international locations are additionally excessive. We will additionally say that Southern Europeans are much less vulnerable to taking their very own lives. In Malta, Italy, Spain and Greece, the variety of suicides could be very low, whereas Cyprus has the bottom variety of suicides within the EU (4.45 circumstances/100,000 inhabitants). The EU common is 11.23 per each 100,000 inhabitants.
Trying on the two units of information, we are able to casually speculate about the place within the EU an individual is most in peril of being killed or committing suicide. Lithuania comes first on this hypothetical record, adopted by Latvia and Hungary. We’re most secure, from ourselves and others, if we stay in Italy, Spain or Greece.